|Abies cephalonica subsp. var.||Greek fir|
Greek Fir (Abies cephalonica) is a fir native to the mountains of Greece, primarily in the Peloponnesos and the island of Kefallinia. It is a medium-size evergreen coniferous tree growing to 25-35 m (rarely 40 m) tall and with a trunk diameter of up to 1 m. It occurs at altitudes of 900-1,700 m, on mountains with a rainfall of over 1,000 mm.
The leaves are needle-like, flattened, 1.5-3 cm long and 2 mm wide by 0.5 mm thick, glossy dark green above, and with two blue-white bands of stomata below. The tip of the leaf is pointed, usually fairly sharply but sometimes with a blunt tip, particularly on slow-growing shoots on older trees. The cones are 10-20 cm long and 4 cm broad, with about 150-200 scales, each scale with an exserted bract and two winged seeds; they disintegrate when mature to release the seeds.
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Var. Apollinis (syn. A. Apillinis), with narrow and blunter lvs., is remarkable in its power to produce vigorous shoots from adventitious buds. Mts. of Greece and Roumelia; often gregarious; more hardy than the type in the northern states.