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Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture

Heracleum (dedicated to Hercules, who used it in medicine, according to Pliny). Umbelliferae. Cow- Parsnip. Perennial or biennial herbs, some of which are used in bold planting effects where there is ample space.

Mostly tall and coarse herbs, with prominent and often very large lobed or pinnate or dissected lvs.: fls. in large umbels, white or purplish, with mostly obcordate petals and the outer ones often larger and cleft and forming rays: fr. obovate, oval or orbicular, dorsally flattened, the oil-tubes extending scarcely below the middle.—Probably 70 species, in the northern hemisphere, one reaching Abyssinia.

Heracleums are not suited for general gardening, but are sometimes grown in wild gardens or parks, or as single specimens on lawns, where a very bold and striking object is desired. The garden species are coarse herbs, growing 5 to 10 feet high, with broad foliage, which is their chief beauty. They are adapted to all soils, but prefer a rich moist soil, and often do well at the edge of running water. They should not be allowed to go to seed. If these plants are grown on an open, sunny lawn, they should be liberally supplied with moisture at all times. Propagated by division or seed.

The above text is from the Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture. It may be out of date, but still contains valuable and interesting information which can be incorporated into the remainder of the article. Click on "Collapse" in the header to hide this text.



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