|Lupinus albus subsp. var.||white lupin|
The white lupin is annual, more or less pubescent plant, 30 - 120 cm high, has a wide distribution in the Mediterranean region. White Lupine is widely spread as wild plants throughout the southern Balkans, the islands of Sicily, Corsica and Sardinia, and the Aegean Sea, as well as in Israel, Palestine and western Turkey. Occurs in meadows, pastures, and grassy slopes, predominantly on sandy and acid soils.
White lupin is distinct within the vast and polymorphous genus Lupinus L. for small variation of morphological characters. However, it has wide intraspecific variability in physiological plant properties: duration of vernalization time and growth rate, photoperiodic sensitivity, shape tolerance, drought resistance, cold- and winter-hardiness. There are winter and spring forms of white lupin. Duration of growing period under spring sowing varies from 106 to 180 days, seed mass per plant changes from 2.2 to 40 g, green mass yield per from 9 to 250 g, protein content in seed from 35.0 to 53.7%, and oil content from 6.2 to 12.0%.
|Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture|
Lupinus albus, Linn. White Lupine. Erect st., 1 ½ ft. high: lfts. obovate-oblong, 5-7, hairy below, 1 ½ -2 in. long: fls. alternate stalked, on erect sts., quite large. white: pods large. Summer. Asia and S. Eu. — A good fodder plant said to be of greater thrift than L. luteus, and remaining green longer. Succeeds well on the poorest soil and is valuable for plowing under. Seeds are sown April-July, and the plants are plowed under when in flower.
Pests and diseases
- Subsp. graecus (Boiss. et Spun.) Franko et Silva
- Subsp. termis (Forsk.) Ponert.
- Var. abissinicus Libk.
- Var. subroseus Libk.
- Subsp. albus L.
- Var. albus
- Var.vavilovii (Atab.) Kurl. et Stankev.
- Var vulgaris Libk.
- f. libkindae Kurl. et Stankev.
- Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture, by L. H. Bailey, MacMillan Co., 1963