|Magnolia soulangeana subsp. var.||Saucer magnolia|
Magnolia × soulangeana (saucer magnolia) is a hybrid plant in the genus Magnolia and family Magnoliaceae. It is a deciduous tree with large, early-blooming flowers in various shades of white, pink, and purple. It is one of the the most commonly used magnolias in horticulture, being widely planted in the British Isles, especially in the south of England; and in the United States, especially the east and west coasts. 
Growing as a multistemmed large shrub or small tree, Magnolia × soulangeana has alternate, simple, shiny, dark green oval-shaped leaves on stout stems. Its flowers emerge dramatically on a bare tree in early spring, with the deciduous leaves expanding shortly thereafter, lasting through summer until autumn.
Magnolia × soulangeana flowers are large, commonly 10-20 cm (4-8 in) across, and colored various shades of white, pink, and maroon. An American variety, 'Grace McDade' from Alabama, is reported to bear the largest flowers, with a 35 cm (14 in) diameter, white tinged with pinkish-purple. The exact timing and length of flowering varies between named varieties, as does the shape of the flower. Some are globular, others a cup-and-saucer shape.
Magnolia × soulangeana is notable for its ease of cultivation, and its relative tolerance to wind and alkaline soils (two vulnerabilities of many other magnolias).
|Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture|
Magnolia soulangeana, Soul. (M. denudata x M. liliflora). Intermediate between the parents. Popular large- shrub or small tree: lvs. obovate to obovate-oblong: fls. large, campanulate, white, more or less purplish outside, often fragrant; sepals usually colored, sometimes almost as long, sometimes hardly half as long as petals, rarely small and greenish. May. Var. Lennei, Rehd. Nearer to M. liliflora. More shrubby: fls. large, deep crimson outside, late. Var. Niemetzii, Hort. A fastigiate form.
There are many other named varieties, varying in color and flowering-time, as var. Alexandrina, Hort., fls. outside toward the base deep purple, white inside, one of the earliest; var. alba superba, Hort., white; var. Brozzonii, Hort., fls. white, shaded purple ; var. cyathiformis, Hort. Rinz., cup-shaped, light purple; var. grandis, Hort. Rinz., white, outer petals purple at base and in the middle; var. Norbertiana, Hort., white and light purple, one of the latest to bloom; var. rustica (M. rustica fl. rubro, Hort.), deep purple outside; var. speciosa, Hort., white, striped purple outside; var. triumphans, Hort., pink toward the base outside. These hybrids are among the most popular magnolias on account of their early, bright-colored fls.: they are showier and hardier than the preceding species.
Pests and diseases
- Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture, by L. H. Bailey, MacMillan Co., 1963
- w:Magnolia soulangeana. Some of the material on this page may be from Wikipedia, under the Creative Commons license.
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