Syngonium podophyllum

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 Syngonium podophyllum subsp. var.  Arrowhead plant, Arrowhead vine, Arrowhead Philodendron, Goosefoot
Arrowhead plant 047.jpg
Habit: herbaceous
Height: to
Width: to
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Lifespan: perennial
Exposure: part-sun
Water: moist, moderate
Features: foliage, houseplant
Hidden fields, interally pass variables to right place
Minimum Temp: 60°F288.706 K
15.556 °C
519.67 °R
USDA Zones: to
Sunset Zones:
Flower features:
Araceae > Syngonium podophyllum var. ,

Syngonium podophyllum is the most commonly cultivated species, being used as a houseplant since the late 19th century. It was originally confused with the similar-looking African genus Nephthytis, and this is still used as a common name for the plant. It was given its own genus in 1879.[1] Other names include:

  • Arrowhead plant
  • Arrowhead vine
  • Arrowhead Philodendron
  • Goosefoot
  • African evergreen[2]

There are several variegated cultivars, the main differences being in the position and extent of the cream or white markings. Some leaves are almost entirely white, pink or yellow. All parts of the plant are poisonous and cause severe mouth pain if eaten.[3]

Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture

Syngonium podophyllum, Schott. A tender creeping plant: lvs. becoming 5-7-pinnatisect, 4-6 in. long; petioles becoming 15-20 in. long: tube of the spathe 1-1 1/2 in. long; blade of the spathe 2 1/2 in. long, greenish outside, white within. Mex. The typical form is probably not in cult.

Var. albolineatum, Engl. (S. albolineatum, Bull.), has whitish costae and lateral nerves. Offered by John Saul, 1893, presumably as a tender foliage plant. CH

The above text is from the Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture. It may be out of date, but still contains valuable and interesting information which can be incorporated into the remainder of the article. Click on "Collapse" in the header to hide this text.


Syngonium species are often grown as house plants, usually only in the juvenile foliage stages. For successful growth, a winter minimum temperature 16 °C to 18 °C (60 to 65°F) must be maintained, rising to 20 °C to 30 °C (68 to 86°F) during the growing season. They require high humidity, including misting the leaves regularly, and good light, but not direct sunlight; they will tolerate low light levels. Water freely from spring to autumn, sparingly in winter. Feed regularly in spring and summer. If juvenile foliage is preferred, cut off all the climbing stems that develop — the plant will remain bushy, rather than climb, and the leaves will be more arrow-shaped. Repot every second spring. Propagation is by cuttings or air layering.


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