|Tilia platyphyllos subsp. var.||Broad-leafed lime|
Tilia platyphyllos is a deciduous tree native to much of Europe, including locally in southwestern Great Britain, growing on lime-rich soils. The common name Large-leaved Linden is in standard use throughout the English-speaking world except in Britain, where it has largely (but not universally) been replacedTemplate:Verify source by the name Large-leaved Lime. It is frequently planted as an ornamental tree in parks, or as a shade tree or a lawn tree. It has been introduced in the US (New England).
It is a narrowly domed tree with a moderate growth rate, and can eventually attain a height of 40 m. The reddish-brown young stems later develop dark gray bark with fine fissures and furrows. The branches spread upwards at wide angles. The twigs are reddish-green and slightly pubescent.
The foliage consists of simple, alternately arranged leaves. As indicated by its common name, this tree has larger leaves than the related Tilia cordata (Small-leaved Linden), 6 to 9 cm (exceptionally 15 cm). They are ovate to cordate, mid to dark green above and below, with white downy hair on the underside, particularly along the veins, tapering into a mucronate tip. The margin is sharply serrate, and the base cordate; the venation is palmate along a midrib. The pubescent petiole is usually 3-4 cm long, but can vary between 1.5-5 cm. The autumn foliage is yellow-green to yellow.
The small, fragrant, yellowish-white flowers are arranged in drooping, cymose clusters in groups of 3 to 4. Their whitish-green, leaf-like bracts have an oblong-obovate shape. The geniculate peduncles are between 1.5-3 cm long. The hermaphroditic flowers have 5 sepals and 5 tepals, numerous stamens, but no staminodes. The superior ovary is 2-10 locular with one smooth style. The flowers are pollinated by bees.
The fruit is a small, round, tomentose, cream-colored nutlet with a diameter of 1 cm or less. It has a woody shell with 3-5 ridges.
|Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture|
Tilia platyphyllos, Scop. (T. grandifolia, Ehrh. T. europaea, Linn., in part). Large-leaved Lime. Tree, to 120 ft.: young branchlets pubescent, older glabrous: lvs. orbicular-ovate, abruptly acuminate, obliquely cordate at the base, regularly serrate, dull green and short-pubescent or glabrous above, light green and pubescent beneath, 3-4 in. long; petioles stout, hairy: fls. in usually 3-fld. pendulous cymes; petals oblanceolate, longer than sepals; stamens 30; style glabrous: fr. globose, ovoid or pyriform, 3-5- ribbed, apiculate, tomentose, thick-shelled. June; the earliest species to bloom. Eu.—Very variable; some of the most important varieties are the following: Var. pyramidalis, Kirchn. Of narrow pyramidal habit. Var. corallina, Dipp. (var. rubra, Hort.). Young branches red. Var. aurea, Kirchn. Young branches golden yellow. Var. laciniata, Henry (var. asplenifolia, Kirchn. var. filicifolia, Hort. T. europaea var T. laciniata, Loud.). Lvs. deeply and irregularly cut. Var. vitifolia, Simonkai. Lvs. slightly 3-lobed or indistinctly lobed.—This species is the strongest grower and in this country often sold as T. europaea. It is more impatient of drought than most other species and therefore not to be recommended as a street tree. CH
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There are several cultivars offered commercially in nurseries, including 'Rubra' (red twiiged) and 'Tortuosa' (twisted branches).
- Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture, by L. H. Bailey, MacMillan Co., 1963