Tilia cordata

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 Tilia cordata subsp. var.  Little-leaf linden, Small-leafed lime
Habit: tree
Height: to
Width: to
80ft100ft 40ft
Height: 80 ft to 100 ft
Width: warning.png"" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. to 40 ft
Lifespan: perennial
Bloom: early summer, mid summer, late summer
Exposure: sun
Water: moist
Features: deciduous, flowers
Hidden fields, interally pass variables to right place
Minimum Temp: °Fwarning.png"°F" is not a number.
USDA Zones: 3 to 9.5
Sunset Zones:
Flower features: white
Tiliaceae > Tilia cordata var. , Mill.

Tilia cordata (Small-leaved Lime, occasionally Small-leaved Linden) is a species of Tilia native to much of Europe and western Asia, north to southern Great Britain (north to about Durham), central Scandinavia, east to central Russia, and south to central Spain, Italy, Bulgaria, Turkey, and the Caucasus; in the south of its range it is restricted to high altitudes.[1][2]

Tilia cordata is widely grown as an ornamental tree throughout its native range in Europe.

It is a deciduous tree growing to 20-38 m tall, with a trunk up to 1-2 m diameter. The leaves are alternately arranged, rounded to triangular-ovate, 3-8 cm long and broad, mostly hairless (unlike the related Tilia platyphyllos) except for small tufts of brown hair in the leaf vein axils - the leaves are distinctively heart-shaped. The small yellow-green hermaphrodite flowers are produced in clusters of five to eleven in early summer with a leafy yellow-green subtending bract, have a rich, heavy scent; the trees are much visited by bees. The fruit is a dry nut-like drupe 6–7 mm long and 4 mm broad, downy at first becoming smooth at maturity, and (unlike T. platyphyllos) not ribbed.[1][3]

It readily hybridises with Tilia platyphyllos; the hybrid is named Tilia × europaea (syn. T. × vulgaris).[1][4]

In Britain it is becoming increasingly rare and is an indicator of ancient woodland.[5]

Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture

Tilia cordata, Mill. (T. ulmifolia, Scop. T. parvifolia, Ehrh. T. microphylla, Vent. T. silvestris, Desf. T. europaea, Linn., in part). Small-leaved Linden. Fig. 3813. Tree, to 100 ft.: young branchlets at first slightly pubescent, soon glabrous: lvs. suborbicular, often broader than long, cuspidate, cordate at the base, regularly serrate with short-pointed teeth, dark green and somewhat lustrous above, glaucous and glabrous beneath with brown axillary tufts l 1/2 – 2 1/2 in. long; petioles about half as long as blade: fls. 5-7 in nearly upright cymes; style glabrous: fr. globose, slightly ribbed, apiculate, tomentose, with thin fragile shell. July. Eu. Var. pyramidalis, Wittm. Of narrow pyramidal habit. CH

The above text is from the Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture. It may be out of date, but still contains valuable and interesting information which can be incorporated into the remainder of the article. Click on "Collapse" in the header to hide this text.


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