From - Plant Encyclopedia and Gardening wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
  subsp. var.  
Vicia grandiflora
Habit: [[Category:]]
Height: to
Width: to
Height: cm to warning.png"" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.
Width: warning.png"" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. to warning.png"" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.
Hidden fields, interally pass variables to right place
Minimum Temp: °Fwarning.png"°F" is not a number.
USDA Zones: to
Sunset Zones:
Flower features:
[[]] > [[]] var. ,

Vicia (Vetches) is a large genus of about 140 species of flowering plants in the family Fabaceae, native to Europe, Asia and Africa. One species, Vicia faba, commonly known as Broad Bean or fava bean is cultivated for human consumption, while a number of other species Vicia sativa, Vicia ervilia, Vicia articulata Hornem. and Vicia narbonensis are cultivated as forage and grain legume for livestock or green manure. Vicia villosa, Vicia benghalensis and Vicia pannonica are cultivated for forage and green manure. Other species are wild flowers. Some have been identified as sources for unusual lectins [proteins which bind specific sugars].

Vicia ervilia is one of the first crops domesticated in the Near East.

Certain species of vetch are suitable for consumption by ruminant animals, but not for single-stomach animals including humans, due to a toxin. However, split vetch seed (Vicia sativa) resembles split red lentils (Lens culinaris), and cases have been reported of vetch being deliberately mislabelled (by exporters or importers) and sold for human consumption to countries such as Bangladesh, Pakistan and Egypt, which are traditional consumers of lentils. This has resulted in import bans by those countries. (ref. Vetch Scandal)

Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture

Vicia (classical Latin name). Vetch. Tare. Mostly weedy or insignificant-looking plants, but a few are grown for the bright flowers, others of late for green-manure crops (see Cover-crops), and one (V. Faba) is a garden bean.

Herbs, mostly climbing, with pinnate foliage, closely allied to Lathyrus, Pisum, and Lens, but differing in minute floral characters: wings adhering to the keel; style very slender, with beard or hairs all around the upper part or only at the apex: pod flat, 2- to many- seeded, 2-valved, and dehiscent, the seeds either globular or flattish; stamens diadelphous (9 and 1): fls. mostly blue or violet, sometimes yellowish or white.— About 150 species widely spread in the northern hemisphere and some in S. Amer. About two dozen species occur in N. Amer., some of the species intro. The species are mostly cool-season plants of easy cult. The interest in the vetches in this country is mostly for their value as soil-covers and for foliage. V. sativa and V. villosa are the important species at present for agricultural purposes, and V. Cracca, V. Gerardii, and V. fulgens are sometimes used as ornamentals. For literature, see Farmers' Bulls. Nos. 515 and 529, Bur. Pl. Ind. Circ. No. 15, and U. S. Dept. Agric. Circ. No. 45.

The above text is from the Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture. It may be out of date, but still contains valuable and interesting information which can be incorporated into the remainder of the article. Click on "Collapse" in the header to hide this text.



Pests and diseases

Vicia species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Chionodes lugubrella (recorded on V. cracca), Angle Shades, Double-striped Pug, The Flame, Lime-speck Pug and two case-bearers of the genus Coleophora which feed exclusively on Vicia: C. cracella and C. fuscicornis (the latter feeds exclusively on V. tetrasperma).


About 140 species, including:
Vicia americana (American Vetch)
Vicia articulata Hornem. (Bard Vetch)
Vicia bithynica (Bithynian Vetch)
Vicia canescens
Vicia cassubica (Danzig Vetch)
Vicia cracca (Tufted Vetch)
Vicia dumetorum
Vicia ervilia (Bitter Vetch)
Vicia faba (Broad Bean)
Vicia hirsuta (Hairy Vetch)
Vicia lathyroides (Spring Vetch)
Vicia lutea (Yellow Vetch)
Vicia monantha (single flowered vetch)
Vicia narbonensis
Vicia onobrychioides
Vicia oroboides
Vicia orobus (Upright Vetch)
Vicia pannonica
Vicia pisiformis (Pea-flowered Vetch)
Vicia pyrenaica
Vicia sativa (Common Vetch)
Vicia sepium (Bush Vetch)
Vicia sylvatica (Wood Vetch)
Vicia tenuifolia (Fine-leaved Vetch)
Vicia tenuissima (Slender Vetch)
Vicia tetrasperma (Smooth Vetch)
Vicia unijuga
Vicia villosa (Fodder Vetch)


If you have a photo of this plant, please upload it! Plus, there may be other photos available for you to add.


External links

blog comments powered by Disqus
Personal tools
Bookmark and Share