|Allium subsp. var.||Chive, Garlic, Leek, Onion, Ornamental Onion|
|Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture|
Allium (ancient Latin name of garlic). Liliaceae. Bulbous plants, mostly cultivated in the open, but a few of them grown under glass as florist's flowers; and comprising also the onions and their allies.
Leaves flat, channelled, or terete and hollow: fls. in a simple umbel, from a 1-2-lvd. usually scarious spathe; stamens and perianth segms. 6, the perianth parts distinct or nearly so, 1-nerved, and often becoming dry and persistent: style slender, the stigma either entire or parted.—Strong-scented plants, with fls. white, yellow, or in shades of purple and rose. There are 250-300 species in temperate parts of the northern hemisphere. Numbers of species, particularly the Asian, are frequently seen in botanic gardens and choice collections, but only A. Moly and A. neapolitanum are common in this country among the ornamental species, and no attempt is made to describe all the species here that are mentioned in garden literature. For the vegetable garden members of the genus, see Chives, Garlic, Leek, Onion,Shallot. In parts of the northeastern states Allium vineale is a bad weed; it has a slender scape sheathed below with hollow thread-shaped lvs., and greenish rose-colored fls. (or bulblets in the place of fls.).
No special treatment is required by the alliums. Most of the cult. forms are hardy spring bloomers, and may be treated the same as other hardy border bulbs. Propagation is by offsets and by the bulblets in the umbel; also readily by seeds.
A. Forgetii, Hort. Corolla pale yellow, spurred on the back. Peru.
acuminatum, 10. fimbriatum, 31. Sanbornii, 27. albopilosum, 14. fiatulosum, 3. sativum, 5. anceps, 33. Geyeri, 20. scaposum, 21. ascalonicum, 4. Hermettii, 9. Schoenoprasum, 1. attenuifolium, 28. haematochiton, 18.saenescens. 12. Bidwellae, 30. madidum, 22. serratum, 29. Bolanderi, 24. Moly, 7. sibiricum, 1. bulbellifera, 2. multiplicans. 2. stellatum, 26. Cepa, 2. neapolitunum, 9. tricoccum, 15. cernuum, 16. platycaule, 34. unifolium, 25. Cusickii. 23. Porrum, 6. validum, 17. Ellisii, 13. reticulatum, 19. victorialis, 8. falcifolium, 32. roseum, 11. CH
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Pests and diseases
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Allium anceps - twinleaf onion
Allium angulosum - mouse garlic
Allium atrorubens - dark red onion
Allium campanulatum - dusky onion
Allium canadense - Canadian garlic
Allium cepa - garden onion
Allium fistulosum - Welsh onion
Allium neapolitanum - white garlic
Allium nevii - Nevius' garlic
Allium nigrum - black garlic
Allium oleraceum - field garlic
Allium oschaninii - shallot
Allium ramosum - wild Chinese chives
Allium sativum - cultivated garlic
Allium schoenoprasum - chives
Allium scorodoprasum - Sand leek Allium triquetrum - three-cornered leek, triquetous garlic
Allium tuberosum - Chinese chives
Allium ursinum - wild garlic, ramsons
Allium vineale - crow garlic
See full list.
- Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture, by L. H. Bailey, MacMillan Co., 1963