Valeriana officinalis

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 Valeriana officinalis subsp. var.  Garden heliotrope, True Valerian, Valerian
Valeriana officinalis.jpg
Habit: herbaceous
Height: to
Width: to
4ft6ft 16in32in
Height: 4 ft to 6 ft
Width: 16 in to 32 in
Lifespan: perennial
Exposure: sun, part-sun
Water: moist
Hidden fields, interally pass variables to right place
Minimum Temp: °Fwarning.png"°F" is not a number.
USDA Zones: 3 to 10.5
Sunset Zones:
Flower features: white
Valerianaceae > Valeriana officinalis var. ,

Valerian (Valeriana officinalis, Valerianaceae) is a hardy perennial flowering plant, with heads of sweetly scented pink or white flowers. The flowers are in bloom in the northern hemisphere from June to September. Valerian was used as a perfume in the sixteenth century.

Native to Europe and parts of Asia, Valerian has been introduced into North America. It is consumed as food by the larvae of some Lepidoptera (butterfly and moth) species including Grey Pug.

Other names used for this plant include garden valerian (to distinguish it from other Valeriana species), garden heliotrope (although not related to Heliotropium) and all-heal. The garden flower red valerian is also sometimes referred to as "valerian" but is a different species, from the same family but not particularly closely related.

Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture

Valeriana officinalis, Linn. Common Valerian. Garden Heliotrope. Cat's Valerian. St. George's Herb. Perennial, glabrous or more or less pubescent below, 2-5 ft. high: rhizome truncate, sometimes stoloniferous: sts. erect, simple below, somewhat branching above, sulcate: lvs. all pinnatisect; segms. 7-10-paired, usually dentate-serrate, those of the lower lvs. ovate-oblong, of the upper lvs. lanceolate, acuminate: corymb broadly paniculate, long-branched: fls. numerous, whitish, pinkish or lavender, very fragrant. Eu., N. Asia.—Variable. The medicinal valerian is obtained mostly from the roots of this species. Var. alba, Hort., is a white-fld. form. Var. rubra, Hort., is a red-fld. form.

The above text is from the Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture. It may be out of date, but still contains valuable and interesting information which can be incorporated into the remainder of the article. Click on "Collapse" in the header to hide this text.



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