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Fossil range: {{{fossil_range}}}
Malus sikkimensis fruit
Malus sikkimensis fruit
Plant Info
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Scientific classification
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Kingdom: Plantae
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Division: Magnoliophyta
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Class: Magnoliopsida
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Infraclass: {{{infraclassis}}}
Superorder: {{{superordo}}}
Order: Rosales
Suborder: {{{subordo}}}
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Superfamily: {{{superfamilia}}}
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Maloideae
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Binomial name
Trinomial name
Type Species
Amelanchier - serviceberry, juneberry

Aronia - chokeberry
Chaenomeles - Japanese quince
Cotoneaster - cotoneaster
Crataegus - hawthorn
Cydonia - quince
Eriobotrya - loquat
Eriolobus = Malus pro parte
Heteromeles - Toyon
Malus - apple, crabapple
Mespilus - medlar
Pseudocydonia - Chinese quince
Pyracantha - firethorn
Pyrus - pear
Rhaphiolepis - hawthorn
Sorbus - rowan, whitebeam, service tree
Stranvaesia = Photinia pro parte


The Maloideae (apple subfamily) is a subfamily of the rose family Rosaceae characterised in its traditional description by the possession of a pome, a type of accessory fruit, and by a basal haploid chromosome count of 17. These plants are shrubs and small trees. The group includes a number of plants bearing commercially important fruits, like apples and pears.

More recent taxonomic proposals expand Maloideae to include a number of herbaceous genera that are more closely related to the traditional Maloideae than to other species of Rosaceae. These are the genera Kageneckia, Lindleya, and Vauquelinia, which have a haploid chromosome count of 15 or 17 but bear fruits that are capsules, and the genus, Gillenia, which has a haploid chromosome count of 9.

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